Christian term for sacred song whose text is Biblical but is not one of the psalms. The "Canticle of Moses" (Exodus 15:1– 19), the Hymn of the Three Children (Daniel 3:57–88) and some others were used in Jewish temple and synagogue rites in ancient times. In Byzantine rites the Nine Canticles are sung in the morning prayer of the divine office (orthrōs). In the Roman Catholic office the New Testament canticles (Cantica majora) include the Benedictus at lauds, the Magnificat at vespers, and the Nunc Dimittis at compline . Other canticles occupied the place of one of the psalms at lauds and matins.
   In the Gregorian tradition, canticles are sung in the same manner as psalms, usually with framing antiphons proper to the feast and with the verses sung in pairs responsorially or antiphonally. The psalm tones for the Benedictus and Magnificat are more elaborate, particularly in that each verse pair begins with the intonation, not just the first pair as in psalmody.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Canticle — • Used in the English Catholic translation of the Bible as the equivalent of the Vulgate canticum in most, but not all, of the uses of that word; for where canticum is used for a sacred song Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canticle… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canticle — Can ti*cle, n.; pl. {Canticles}. [L. canticulum a little song, dim. of canticum song, fr. cantus a singing, fr. coner to sing. See {Chant}.] 1. A song; esp. a little song or hymn. [Obs.] Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. The Song of Songs or Song of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • canticle — early 13c., from L. canticulum a little song, dim. of canticum song (also a scene in Roman comedy enacted by one person and accompanied by music and dancing), from cantus (see CHANT (Cf. chant)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • canticle — ► NOUN ▪ a hymn or chant forming a regular part of a church service. ORIGIN Latin canticulum little song …   English terms dictionary

  • canticle — [kan′ti kəl] n. [ME < L canticulum, dim. of canticum, song < cantus: see CHANT] 1. a song or chant 2. a hymn whose words are taken from the Bible, used in certain church services …   English World dictionary

  • Canticle — A canticle (from the Latin canticulum , a diminutive of canticum , song) is a hymn (strictly excluding the Psalms) taken from the Bible. The term is often expanded to include ancient non biblical hymns such as the Te Deum and certain psalms used… …   Wikipedia

  • canticle — /kan ti keuhl/, n. 1. one of the nonmetrical hymns or chants, chiefly from the Bible, used in church services. 2. a song, poem, or hymn esp. of praise. [1175 1225; ME ( < OF) < L canticulum, equiv. to cantic(um) song (see CANTICUM) + ulum ULE] *… …   Universalium

  • canticle — n. 1 a song or chant with a Biblical text. 2 (also Canticle of Canticles) the Song of Solomon. Etymology: ME f. OF canticle (var. of cantique) or L canticulum dimin. of canticum f. canere sing …   Useful english dictionary

  • canticle — cantica ит. [ка/нтика] canticle англ. [кэ/нтикл] песнь, гимн …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • canticle —    This word (from the Latin canticum, meaning song ) usually refers to biblical hymns (other than the psalms), such as those found in the Song of Solomon in the Old Testament and the hymns of Mary (see Lk 1:46 55) and Zechariah (see Lk 1:68 79)… …   Glossary of theological terms

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